Cavalier King Charles Spaniel – Full Dog Breed Info

cavalier king charles spaniel

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Even though this breed is born to be used as a companion for people and families, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog breed still keeps the sporty nature of their spaniel ancestors.

If they’re not sitting on a lap being lazy or getting a belly rub which normally excited them, nothing makes them happier than to flush a bird and then attempt to retrieve it.

Although these are purebred dogs, it is still possible to find them in shelters and rescue centers.

Remember to adopt them and you shouldn’t shop if you want to bring a dog of this breed home.

Known to be one of the largest of the toy breeds, Cavaliers are often as athletic as a true sporting breed and they derive pleasure in hiking, running on the beach, and dog sports such as agility, flyball and even frisbee.

Some have even shown their ability to be used as hunting dogs. The more lazy members of the breed find success as family friends and therapy dogs as they spend most of their days indoors.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a beautiful small dog that is without any doubts a contender for the title of “top tail-wagger.” In fact, among the characteristics that Cavalier breeders strive to attain is a tail in constant motion when this breed is moving as it is a key feature when it comes to this breed.

Even if the wagging of the Cavalier’s tail does not melt your heart, then surely his large, dark round eyes definitely will. They are Warm and lustrous and they also have a sweet expression. They hold the power to extract constant petting and unlimited supplies of food from people under their spell because of how sweet they tend to be.

Not surprisingly, this breed can easily become fat, which spoils its lovely lines, and obesity isn’t a good thing when it comes to dogs, so be strong and offer a walk or playtime instead of the regular treats and food your Cavalier is angling for.

Cavaliers pad through the house on slippered paws, and they are always following in the footsteps of their owners as they find it fun.

With a Cavalier in residence, you’ll never be alone and I assure you not even in the bathroom. Because they’re so attached to their people, they do best when someone is at home during the day to keep them company as they love to please.

They are a housedog and will never thrive in an environment where they’re relegated to the backyard or otherwise ignored as they won’t be able to please and when they get bored they can become restless and destructive.

When it comes to training, Cavaliers are generally intelligent and willing to try whatever it is you’d like them to do and to crown it all, they always excel in it. Food rewards like treats and positive feedbacks help ensure that training goes smoothly.

Cavaliers have a soft personality, so yelling at them is counterproductive and likely to send these sweeties into the sulks or into hiding and that can also make them less productive.

Instead, reward them every time you see them doing something you like, whether it’s chewing on a toy instead of your Important stuffs like a shoe or not barking in response when the dog next door barks but then mind you, you shouldn’t spoil them too much. They’ll fall all over themselves to find more things that you like which is a very good thing.

As with many toy breeds, Cavaliers can have issues with training them at home, but if you keep them on a consistent schedule, with plenty of opportunities to potty outdoors, they can become trustworthy in the home.

History of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

While the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a moderately new breed, reproduced less than a century ago, his model is the toy spaniel that has existed for quite a long time as an ally to sovereignty and respectability.

Cavaliers descended from a similar toy spaniels portrayed in numerous sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth century artworks by renowned craftsmen, for example, Van Dyck and Gainsborough. The spaniels in those compositions had level heads, high-set ears, and long noses.

These little spaniels were extraordinary top choices of imperial and respectable families in England. Mary, Queen of Scots had a toy spaniel who went with her as she strolled to her decapitation, and her grandson, Charles I, and her extraordinary grandson, Charles II — who gave their name to the breed even cherished the little dogs also.

It’s said that King Charles II, who ruled from 1660 to 1685, never went anywhere without in any event a few of these little spaniels accompanying him. He even declared that the spaniels should be permitted in any open spot, including the Houses of Parliament. It’s asserted that the law is still essentially today in England, albeit nobody has tried it as of late to check whether it still stands.

After Charles II’s passing, the King Charles Spaniels’ popularity went down, and Pugs and other short-confronted breeds turned into the new imperial top picks. The King Charles Spaniels were reproduced with these dogs and at last created a considerable lot of their highlights, for example, the more limited nose and the domed head.

There was one fortification of the King Charles Spaniels that were of the sort that King Charles himself had so adored and that was at Blenheim Palace, the hometown of the Dukes of Marlborough. Here, a strain of red and white Toy Spaniels kept on being reproduced, which is the reason Cavalier King Charles Spaniels with this shading are called Blenheim today.

Since there was no norm for the breed and no dog shows yet, the sort and size of the toy spaniels reared by the Dukes of Marlborough shifted. During the nineteenth century, be that as it may, English raisers began holding dog shows and attempting to refine diverse dog breeds. At that point, the toy spaniel was acknowledged as having a level face, undershot jaw, domed skull and enormous, round, forward looking eyes. The King Charles Spaniels portrayed in compositions from before hundreds of years were practically wiped out.

During the 1920s, an American named Roswell Eldridge began searching all over England for toy spaniels that took after those in the old works of art. He looked for over five years, in any event, taking his hunt to the Crufts Dog Show, where he convinced the Kennel Club (It’s similar to the American Kennel Club but in England) to permit him to offer 25 pounds which was a very big amount at that point for the best dog and best bitch of the sort found in King Charles II’s rule. He offered this prize for a very long time.

In the year 1928, Miss Mostyn Walker introduced a dog named Ann’s Son for assessment and was granted a £25 prize. Roswell Eldridge didn’t live to see the prize guaranteed, as he had passed on only one month before Crufts. Interest in the breed resuscitated, and a breed club was shaped. The name Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was picked to separate the breed from the flat faced King Charles Spaniel (which is also known as the English Toy Spaniel in the United States of America).

The club held its first gathering on the second day of Crufts in 1928 and they came up with a breed standard, and they came up with a written description of how the variety should look. Ann’s Son was introduced to act as an illustration of the breed, and club individuals got together the entirety of the duplicates of photos of the old artistic creations that had little dogs of this sort in them. One thing that all club individuals settled upon from the beginning was that the Cavalier King Charles Spaniels would be kept as normal as could reasonably be expected and managing and forming of the dog for the show ring would be debilitate.

The Kennel Club was hesitant to recognize and accept the new breed, yet at long last, in 1945, following quite a while of work by the breeders, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was recognized and accepted as a different variety.

During the 1940s, two male Cavaliers were taken into the United States of America from England by Robrull of Veren and Bertie of Rookerynook. It wasn’t until 1952, notwithstanding, that Cavaliers had their actual life start in the U.S. In that year, Mrs. (Sally) Lyons Brown of Kentucky was given a dark and tan bitch puppy named Psyche of Eyeworth by her English companion, Lady Mary Forwood. She experienced passionate feelings for the variety and imported more.

At the point when she found that she was unable to enlist her dogs with the American Kennel Club, she began reaching individuals in the U.S. that had Cavaliers. Around then, there were less than twelve. In 1954, she established the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club, USA (CKCSC, USA), the official variety club and just enlisting body for Cavaliers in the United States for over fifty years.

During these years, the individuals from the CKCSC, USA ruled against pushing for full acknowledgment of the variety, feeling that the club’s exacting code of morals kept the variety from being financially reproduced.

They expected that an excess of acknowledgment of the variety would prompt it getting excessively famous and in this way excessively appealing for reproducers who wouldn’t keep up the norms they had set up. Generally, they kept the AKC Miscellaneous status with the goal that individuals who needed to show their dogs in submission could do as such.

In 1992, the AKC welcomed the CKCSC, USA to turn into the parent club for the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. The participation said no. A little gathering of CKCSC, USA individuals shaped the American Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club (ACKCSC) and applied to the AKC for parent-club status. This was in all actuality, and the AKC formally perceived the variety was in March 1995.

The CKCSC, USA is as yet an autonomous variety library, yet the ACKCSC is the parent club for the variety inside the AKC.

Appearance and size

This little but also strong dog stands 12 to 13 inches at the shoulder and weighs about 13 to 18 pounds. There is nothing called a “toy” Cavalier, and you would do well to try not to purchase a Cavalier from a reproducer who offers dogs that is about half of that size.

Cavaliers are blessed with medium-length coats that feel very silky to the touch and might be marginally wavy. Grown-up Cavaliers have feathering on their ears, chest, legs, feet and tail.

Cavaliers come in four colors:

Blenheim, a rich chestnut on a silvery white foundation. A few Blenheims have a thumb-shaped chestnut speck on top of the brow, called a capsule.

Tricolor, dark markings on a white coat with tan markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, and on the underside of the tail

Dark and Tan, dark with tan markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, inside the ears, and on the chest, legs and underside of the tail

Ruby, a strong rich ruddy earthy colored with no white spots or markings

Blenheim is the most widely recognized shading, however the others aren’t uncommon.


The gregarious Cavalier takes as his good example/role model comedian Will Rogers, who broadly said he never met an outsider. The Cavalier is anxious to meet every individual who crosses his way, and if that individual plunks down and offers a lap (or a treat), that would be preferable.

Like any dog, Cavaliers arrive in a scope of characters, from peaceful and calm to boisterous and rowdy. They may or probably won’t bark when somebody goes to the door, so they’re a helpless decision as a watchdog and aside from, that is, for viewing the robber haul away the silver. There are special cases, obviously where a few Cavaliers will educate you regarding each occasion in your area and bark brutally when outsiders approach, yet generally speaking you’re in an ideal situation purchasing an alarm system than relying on your Cavalier to make you aware of any danger.


Cavaliers are genuinely simple to maintain. You need to brush them three or four times each week and wash them when it’s necessary. For a dog that appreciates playing outside just as investing a great deal of energy in your bed or other furnishings, that may be week by week.

The feathered hair on the ears and legs is inclined to tangling, so check those zones regularly for mats that should be delicately brushed out. Trim the hair between the cushions on the feet and clean your Cavalier’s ears consistently. The main genuine trouble is keeping white paws looking perfect rather than dirty.

Cavaliers are normal shedders. They needn’t bother with any extraordinary managing or clippering; truth be told, it’s favored for the feathering to stay neutral, although a few people trim the feet for the wellbeing of neatness. Others as well like the hairy footed hobbit look.


Cavaliers are generally a sound and healthy dog, however like all breeds, they’re inclined to certain medical issues. Not all Cavaliers will get any or these sicknesses, however it’s essential to know about them in case you’re thinking about getting this breed.

In case you’re purchasing a puppy, locate a decent breeder who will show you wellbeing clearances for both your pup’s folks.

Wellbeing clearances demonstrate that a dog has been tried for and freed from a specific condition. In Cavaliers, you ought to hope to see wellbeing clearances from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip dysplasia (with a score of reasonable or better), elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand’s sickness; from Auburn University for thrombophilia; and from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) affirming that eyes are ordinary. You can affirm wellbeing clearances by checking the OFA site (

Why should I get a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Cavaliers can be incredible close companions for children who will appreciate tossing a ball for them, instructing them stunts, taking an interest in dog sports, or essentially having them on a lap while they read or stare at the TV. As a result of their little size, in any case, they should be monitored when playing with little kids who may harm them unintentionally.

Likewise with each breed, you ought to consistently show children how to approach and contact dogs, and consistently manage any collaborations among dogs and small kids to prevent any gnawing or ear or tail pulling with respect to one or the other party.

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