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The white Pomeranian is simply a Pomeranian with a coat as white as snow, this extraordinarily unique white Pomeranian adds some magic to an already regal breed. They are often confused with the Japanese Spritz. This breed became popular as Queen Victoria once adopted a red one making this color one of the most commonly bred colors in the 18th century.
Their lively and friendly personality makes this dog a wonderful companion. The white Pomeranian is one of the rarest colors of the Pomeranian breed available on the market, breeding a white Pomeranian is so rare that it could take as long as 5 generations to achieve, this is because there are plenty of colored Pomeranians and Pomeranians with solid colors are very difficult to come by, also, the genes that cause the Pomeranian’s coat to be white a more recessive than the gene that causes other colors and patterns in a Pomeranian’s coat.
The White Pomeranian is very special and can also be referred to as an ice white Pomeranian. They are seen as a Toy Breed by the American Kennel Club.
History of the White Pomeranian
Some tend to confuse the white Pomeranian for an albino Pomeranian which is simply wrong. The earliest Poms were more commonly white or sometimes black. The white Pomeranian is named after its location of origin, Pomerania, an area in Northeastern Europe which is now a part of Western Germany and Poland.
The white Pomeranian was bred from Spitz ancestors— Spitz dogs are domestic dogs characterized by having long, thick, and often white fur with muzzles and pointed ears. The tails of Spritz often curls over the dog’s back or droops—and they became the lapdog they are today.
They became popular when Queen Victoria became enamored with them on a visit to Italy in 1888 which made this color to be popular in the 18th century, after this trip, she became a breeder and an exhibitor of Poms and even took them to Crufts in 1891.
The queen is part reason why this breed is currently classified as a toy breed as she reduced their size by 30 pounds during her time breeding them. This dog is loved all over the world.
The white Pomeranian was believed to have been first seen in the United States in 1892, they became officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1990. Some other clubs that recognize the white Pomeranian include:
Federation Cynologique Internationale
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
Canadian Kennel Club
Australian National Kennel Club
The UK Kennel Club
Appearance and size
The white Pomeranian is fox-like in their appearance, they also have dark or brown bright eyes with a black nose and small erect ears. They are a square breed often with a short back, their tail is high and lies flat on their back, their pads are black. Newborn Pomeranian puppies weigh a couple of ounces when born and they have a pretty rapid growth during the first month, they usually double in size in a few days.
They are usually matured by a year old, the size they will grow to be is determined by nutrition, genetics, health, and activity level. At 8 weeks, they weigh between 16 to 30 ounces, at 12 weeks, they weigh between 22 to 45 ounces, at 16 weeks, they weigh between 30 to 55 ounces. They grow up to be between 3 to 7 pounds and about 6 to 7 inches tall. They are a small breed but their fur makes them appear to be much bigger.
Pomeranians come in a range of colors and patterns but in the case of the White Pomeranian, they are as white as snow with no shading of cream or yellow.
This breed is a double-coated one which means they have a short, dense undercoat with longer guard hairs. Their hair form ruffles around the neck giving them a lion-like look.
As with double-coated dogs, they will have two major shedding periods a year but in reality, they never really stop shedding. In modern times, the Pomeranian comes in various colors including orange, blue, sable, black, brown, cream, red, sable, black, white, brown and tan, Black and Tan, spotted, part and brindle, and a combination of other colors.
All dogs require a certain amount of grooming and the White Pomeranians isn’t any different. They require daily brushing to keep their coat elegant, reduce matting, reduce tangles and eliminate dead hairs, brushing their coat also helps to keep their coat in tip-top condition, when brushing, the tail and ruff require some extra time as this is where the undercoat of the dog will be impacted if they are not brushed properly. Their dental hygiene is also important, check his teeth and brush his teeth as regularly as possible.
Trim their nails when needed, if the end of their nail should be in the same line as the pad, if it is any longer than that, it will cause your dog pain and issues when walking.
Their ears would need to be cleaned to avoid infection. The Pom is going to show tear stains that are more clear than Pomeranians of other colors so the best way to clean it is to have some quality test stain products and be sure to wipe your White Pomeranian’s face with a clean Canine wipe or baby wipe.
Since this Pomeranian breed is white it is advisable to trim around its paws to keep their long fur from packing dirt which would be very obvious in its white paws. Whenever you and your pup come in from a walk, wipe him down with some canine wipes as this would help you keep the fur white in between bathing sessions
The white Pomeranian tends to mimic the behavior of their owners, if their owners are confident, outgoing, and strong, the pup would emulate this. On the other hand, if their owner is calm and quiet, the pup would emulate this and be chilled and relaxed.
This breed is a wonderful companion and enjoys being with their humans and engage in various activities such as playing, cuddling, hiking, and relaxing with them. Being originally sled dogs, they held on to their heritage and have retained their protective ways. They are very good watchdogs and would let you know if someone or something is approaching or if something is out of place.
This breed can tolerate other dogs and pets if they are raised in the same house as those dogs and pets. They are a perfect fit for older teenagers who have a better understanding of their fragility and their needs. Poms adore their humans but are careful around new people, pets, and strangers.
Due to their small size, they don’t eat much at all. When picking out food for your dog, go with something that doesn’t eat so much into your budget and ensures that it meets the dog’s daily nutritional requirements. The most important things in a dog’s diet are protein and fat.
The protein helps to contribute to the growth, function and repair of every cell in the body and fat is necessary for energy, the fat provides two times the energy that is provided by carbohydrates, it also contributes to the development and function of nerves, body tissue, muscles and body cells. They can be fed ½ a cup of kibble which should be split into breakfast, lunch and dinner.
They face a couple of health challenges like;
Luxating Patella; is a condition in which the kneecap is outside its normal anatomical position, this condition results in an inability to extend the knee joint. Sugary is possible, but not all cases need surgery.
Tracheal collapse: This is a condition in which the windpipe becomes weakened and causes difficulty in breathing, it is more common in middle age dogs.
Black Skin disease: this is caused by hormonal imbalance and a reduction in the production of melatonin, you may notice dark skin and bald patches. This condition is also known as Alopecia X. There are a variety of treatments available for Poms who develop these conditions and you would need to discuss with your vet to know the best treatment.
Hypoglycemia: Hypoglycemia is a condition in which a person has low blood sugar, hypoglycemia results in symptoms that can affect a dog’s energy level. In severe cases, it causes loss of consciousness, pain, seizures, and death in canines.
Eye problem: distichiasis and Entropion— this is a condition in which the eyelid (usually the lower eyelid) turns inwards can cause the eyelashes and skin to rub against the surface of the eye. This causes irritation and discomfort.
Hypothyroidism: The thyroid gland is located in the neck, thyroid diseases in dogs is low production of thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism in dogs is caused by shrinkage or inflammation of the thyroid gland. Dogs that suffer from this condition show symptom of redness, ear pain, and odor.
Their litter sizes vary but it’s usually between the range of 1 to 5 puppies
Training and exercise
They are better suited for city living, some owners complain that this breed may bark excessively which can be very annoying but this can be managed with some specific training. The white Pomeranian is not known to be an aggressive breed but they can be yappy and snappy if they do not get the correct socialization and training.
Like all dogs, they require early socialization to the world when they are puppies else they are at risk of developing small dog syndrome, you would need to train them to manage their environment at a tender age to avoid unwanted behavior. They are brilliant dogs and can be very protective and territorial, they tend to see most things as a threat so you have to introduce them to friends, family, strangers, other dogs and other pets at the right time.
The white Pomeranian is an active breed, exercises between 30 to 60 minutes per day is all they would need to stay happy and healthy. This could be achieved through walks around the block or to the park, playtime in the yard, or you could let them play in your garden while keeping a close eye on them, they could very easily be mistaken for rabbits by large, predatory birds.
The white Pomeranian is active and they have a stubborn streak, be sure to have them on a leash when taking walks. They are sometimes difficult to house train so you must exercise patience, here are some tips to aid your training them;
Find a routine that works as soon as possible
Let them out first thing in the morning, after playtime, after exercising after meals and before they go to sleep
Familiarize them with the same spot to potty train them and shower them with praises when they get it right
Do not interrupt the training process to praise them as they have a short attention span and would end up forgetting what they were doing.
They train and exercise more effectively in conditions where there are praises, rewards, positive reinforcement, love, and attention.
Why you should get a White Pomeranian
The white Pomeranian is loved for its lively, bold and inquisitive nature, they are classified and a toy breed and are the perfect companion dogs for singles, novice dog owners, couples, seniors and families with older children. Dogs of this breed are excellent watchdogs and will engage in a range of activities to bond with their human.
Where to get a White Pomeranian and price
The price of this dog breed ranges from $500 to $4000 USD. The white Pomeranian may sometimes find their way into shelters, you may consider adopting a pup from Recycled Pomeranian Rescue or Pawsitively Pom Rescue.
It is very important to buy your Pom from a reputable breeder who understands the standard size and weight fit for a Pom because ensuring your pup was breed to grow to the proper weight and size increases the chances of longevity and health.